Thursday, June 11, 2020
What Moral Or Ethical Obligations Do Humans Have In Respect Of Other Animal? (Essay Sample) Content: What moral or ethical obligations do humans have in respect of other animal?NameCourseTutorDateIntroduction Moral obligations are the courses of action to which an individual is bound to by the principles of right and wrong behavior. Human beings are the most powerful species on earth since they have the ability to think, reason and communicate effectively. For this reason, therefore they can influence the behavior of other species, and so are responsible for the wellbeing of their fellow creatures (BBC, 2014). Human beings are also the creatures with a well-developed brain and high intelligence quotient levels. For this reason, God has placed the responsibility of caring for all the organisms in the world. Human beings are supposed to rehabilitate, create, and build new and expand existing habitats for all living organisms especially animals. This is aimed at ensuring that indigenous and exotic flora and fauna do not face extinction. It is also important to understan d that animals provide human beings with a lot of advantages such as sources of food, labor, transport and employment in the field of agriculture. These are just some of the few reasons why a human being is under obligation to take care of animals. All creatures deserve moral considerations; a morally considerable being is one that can be wronged in a morally relevant sense and it is only humans that can respond to claims of being wronged in one way or another, in the purposeful harm done on animals by human beings is morally wrong, this is because: first of all, animals possess some intrinsic sense of right, secondly, it causes pain to the creature and thirdly, it brings about effects on the nature of our moral sensibilities as ethical agents (Carbone, 2004).Moral and Ethical Obligations Humans Have in Respect to AnimalsIt is important to understand that animals have feelings. Besides this, they require an ample environment to grow and develop if we humans have to continue enjoyin g the benefits that animals provide. Have you ever wondered why there is usually a lot of public outrage when reports are made about people suing other people for violation of any human rights? It is because these people do not have strong moral ethics for animals. There is that group of humans that deny animals moral status or equal consideration because they lack reasons, autonomy and consciousness about animals. There is another group of human beings who provide the right consideration to animals but fail to provide it fully due to the inability to respect another agents to provide the reciprocal love for that animal. To a further extent, there is a group of individuals who believe that equal consideration of ethical and moral considerations must be accorded to animals by the virtue of their physiological and mental capacities. An example is how the police accord love and respect for their dogs that they are even regarded as part of the family unit of the police. Our relationship with animals has existed since the time of our ancestors, this relationship is maintained by the obligations the two groups have towards each other, and human beings carry the intelligence and thus can decide on what to do to the non-human animals. The Animal Rights movement is a social movement aimed at bringing to an end the moral distinctions that exist between human and non-human animals; it seeks to abolish the use of animals in research, food, clothing, and entertainment industries (Noel Stewart, 2009). This movement is one of the few social movements that was created and sustained by philosophers, for example, Peter Singer and Tom Reagan (Singer, 2007). The movement was founded in the UK in the 1970s by a number of Oxford post-graduate students, now called Oxford-Group led by Roslind and Stanley Godlovitch (SINGER, 1985). The movement can be split into: animal rights advocates who believe that their basic interests are in line with the moral rights of animals, the Utilitaria n liberationists argue that the suffering of animals should be incorporated into any moral philosophy to exclude the animals is discrimination termed as Speciesism (Ryder, 2006).This has led many countries to develop laws that are aimed at protecting the rights of animals. Countries like Kenya, Africa, have developed slogans that are aimed at protecting some of their heavily worked animals like the donkey. Moreover, this country has set aside a special celebration day for the donkeys. During this day the animals are left to graze the whole day and are not engaged in any duties. Some of the communities that heavily rely on this animal for duties respect this day and even organize celebrations and parties just to honor this animal. This practice has caught the governments attention that it has been forced to make strict laws that aims at protecting the donkeys in Kenya. Moral obligations are both social and individual, certain practices or institutions usually have an effect on the po tential ethical view within an individual (Noel Stewart, 2009). In light of this, criteria for judgment used should take into consideration the manner in which certain acts, practices and institutions have the effect of influencing or distorting ethical life in a society (Garner, 2005). It is not morally right to exploit animals. Exploitation mainly takes place through overworking the animals by burdening them, constant hunting game for meat, killing them to obtain fur for making clothes and ivory or skins, using these animals for laboratory experiments that cause pain, not feeding the animals, and environmental pollution. Therefore we should treat non-human animals in the proper and ethical way (Klempner, 2002). Throughout the world there are rules that are aimed at protecting not only the animals but their habitats as well. For this reason, human beings are under obligation to set aside parks, zoos, and wildlife conservation areas in order to provide favorable environment for grow th and development of all the animals in the world. Animal right activists and institutions have come together to curb the danger exposed to animals, this topic is important as it emphasizes on the ethical obligations we as human beings have towards animals. The increase in demand for animal products and scientific experiments has brought with it an increase in animal exploitation. This has considerably degraded the morals of the society and its members. (Kheel, 2008). It is no wonder the reason why the white rhinos are now the most endangered species of animals in the world. Reliable sources of data according to Ol Pajeta Conservancy in Kenya, there are only four remaining species of white rhinos and they are in Kenya. These animals are the most pampered animals but despite this, there have been concerns as these animals have failed to reproduce despite seen mating over two years ago. Animal exploitation has become more pervasive unlike the recent years, the abuse and suffering of non-human animals also lowers human ethical capacities and sensibilities. When we live in a society that allows and enjoys the benefits of animal suffering, then we are degrading the ethical sensibilities of an individual member (Patton, 2006). Many countries especially in Africa have been forced to set strict laws against poachers who hunt and kill animals for ivory which are in high demand in Middle East countries. Countries like Kenya have been forced to burn ivory in order to demonstrate war on poachers. Recently China was forced to do the same as a sign of partnership in curbing this unethical practice on our animals. Some communities and religions have been known to pay respect to some animals as they act as important symbols to their religion. For this reason, these communities and religions provide and show moral obligations for different types of animals they consider special. This is one of the reasons which can be used to help improve moral obligations for animals in the world. Most of the animals serve as tools for sports and recreational. The horses are well known for playing polo as well as for racing. Horse racing is one of the most important sports in the western countries. For this reason, a lot of moral obligation is being provided to this animals and this helps in creating a good rapport between the animals and human beings.Oxen, donkeys, and camels have been one of the widely used animals as good sources of labor and transport. Because of the ability of the donkey to work extra-long hours without fatigue, most of the scientists have developed interest in developing even more resistant species of this animal. This is in turn increasing their population is morally upright. On the other hand the camels have also demonstrated a good ability to survive through the desert in Africa and Asia and through the winter in Western countries. For this reason, a lot of concern has been developed for these animals as a way of showing concern and human obl igation to these resourceful animals. Countries like Kenya and Most African countries enjoy a lot of foreign exchange in terms of tourism. Every year, Kenya hosts thousands of tourists from all over the world who converge at the Maasai Mara Game Reserve to watch the eighth wonder of the world. During this time, thousands of wildebeest cross river Mara from Serengeti in Tanzania into Kenya in search of pasture and food. For this reason, t...
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Late Adulthood and Death Paper PSY/280 July 19, 2011 Late Adulthood and Death Paper Analyzing late adulthood and the death of an individual as a culmination of the life span development process one must understand late adulthood consists of. This paper will give a brief overview of ageism and stereotypes associate with late adulthood. This will explain how health and wellness techniques in the late adulthood stages can mitigate the negative effects of aging. As people age the social views and experiences changes in relationships and interactions with individuals, as he or she nears end of life. When closely approaching the end of life, a person has cultural and personal attitudes about death and dignity in late adulthood. Ageism andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The aging process in late adulthood is called senescence. People cannot stop the effects of aging but there are alternatives that can help ease the process. These measures are not always followed because people make poor life choices such as smoking. Aging adults will even spend millions of dollars trying to slow the process of aging. No matter how much money they spend aging will occur. Most aging adults do not receive the necessary preventive services to help promote health and wellness during this stage of life. These preventive services include vaccinations and screenings. These important services help detect many diseases, delay their onset, or identify them early in their most treatable stages to ensure healthier, longer, and more productive lives for older adults (Prevention, 2011). Better people take care of themselves the longer they will live. People who balance: the right diet, making better choices and not acting sedentary has a better chance in living longer lives. With the advances in medical care, better health practices, improved nutrition, and other factors help people live longer. As long as older adults are following the correct measures, they can help counter the effects of aging because this stage here most people retire, they need to stay active and keep eating healthy foods. By not living actively can lead to his or her body shutting down, and may also lead to an early death. Many programs are available that older adults can join toShow MoreRelatedLate Adulthood and End of Life Paper1394 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLate Adulthood and End of Life Paper Late Adulthood and End of Life Paper Throughout a human beings lifespan, an individual experiences many pivotal changes both physically and mentally. Of all of these life stages, none is more difficult a reality as late adulthood. Individuals are given a taste of youth and vitality, and must watch as it is slowly taken away. In some cultures, the elderly are treated with respect and care, and in others, the elderly are considered a burden and receive little respectRead MoreEssay on Late Adulthood1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLate Adulthood and Death Crystal Leden Psy/280 February 20, 2013 Shannon Hilligoss Late Adulthood and Death In this paper I will be looking at ageism and stereotypes that associated with late adulthood, evaluating how people in late adulthood can promote health and wellness to help prevent the negative effects of aging. I will also be analyzing the importance of relationships and social interactions towards the end of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life and identifying the cultural and personal attitudes aboutRead MoreLate Adulthood And Death Of An Individual Across The Life Span Development Process1474 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Late Adulthood and Death Stephanie Bohle University of Phoenix Late adulthood is a time to reflect back on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life, travel, spend time with friends, family, grandchildren and maintaining ones health for the years to come. During late adulthood an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s family history of genetics play a major role in ones quality of life in their final years, such as if you have a significant family history of myocardial infarctions later in life, increases the probability of you developingRead MorePsychology and Understanding Human Behavior1745 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages| ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Week Three: Young and Middle Adulthood Development in the Social Environment | | Details | Due | Points | Objectives | 2 3.4 Describe the social, biological, and psychological development of an individual during young and middle adulthood. 3.5 Determine the influence of ParsonsÃ¢â¬â¢ action theory to social structures. | | | Reading | Read the Ã¢â¬Å"Functional TheoryÃ¢â¬ Read MoreHow Changes Throughout History Have Influenced The Persons Life Course Trajectory1143 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Introduction This paper endeavors to evaluate how a person within late adulthood has been impacted by larger systems within their environment. Furthermore, this paper will examine how changes throughout history have influenced the personÃ¢â¬â¢s life course trajectory. In an effort to evaluate these factors, an interview of a person in late adulthood was conducted. To gain a clearer understanding of how these factors influence a person within late adulthood, feminist theory and the empowerment prospectiveRead MoreAging and Adulthood Paper1113 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAging and Adulthood Paper Karl O Dell University of Phoenix CCMH/504 Dr. Ed Schroll May 13, 2013 Aging and Adulthood Paper Aging is an inevitability of life. With age man exchanges the physical prowess of youth for the wisdom that comes through experiencing the trials and triumphs of life. As an individual enters late adulthood, age 65 and older, they experience many physical, emotional and mental changes never previously encountered and which may require an adaptation of their earlierRead MoreIntroduction Of Late Adulthood And Retirement1659 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Late adulthood and retirement Marie-Edith Oyourou From the time humans are conceived to their death they go through different stages of development in this sequence: infancy, early childhood, adolescence, early adulthood and late adulthood. Those different stages of development present characteristics which are particular to each stage. The last decade had seen an increase with people age sixty and above. Consequently, this aging population has significant effects onRead MoreEssay on Bshs 325 Entire Course Week 1-5 ( a Graded )1547 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAssignment Foundation of Human Development Paper BSHS 325 Week 1 Assignment Foundation of Human Development Worksheet BSHS 325 Week 2 Course Description] (1) What are the social constructs associated with early and late pubertal maturation on boys and girls? How can they affect self-esteem? (2) How might adolescent concerns about self-image contribute to smoking, drug, or alcohol use? (3) What are the social constructs associated with early and late pubertal maturation on boys and girls?Read MoreIn This Paper IÃ¢â¬â¢M Gonna Be Talking About The 12 Stages1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn this paper IÃ¢â¬â¢m gonna be talking about the 12 stages of life development considering the main points of each stage and the milestones. The stages I will be talking about is Pre-birth which is the stage of potential, Birth is the stage of Hope, Infancy (Ages 0-3) Vitality, Early Childhood (Ages 3-6) Playfulness, Middle Childhood (Ages 6-8) Imagination, Late Childhood (Ages 9-11) Ingenuity, Adolescence (Ages 12-20) Passion, Early Adulthood (Ages 20-35) Enterprise, Midlife (Ages 35-50) ContemplationRead Moresex older people1353 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Sexual Activity in Late Adulthood Miriam Goncalves Bridgewater State University Author Notes This paper was prepared for SCWK 321, Section 01, taught by Professor Jonghyun Lee Late adulthood is considered to start at the age of 65 and continue through 85 until death. According to Erik EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s 8 stage of psychosocial development, this is the final stage of an individual, the integrity vs. despair stage. During this stage of maturity in late adulthood, they begin to reflect
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Some of the biggest problems Africans Americans faced in America are segregation, discrimination, racism and prejudice. Their fight for justice marks a long sequence of events towards their freedom. Race according to the New WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Dictionary is a division of mankind based on skin color, hair texture, facial make-up etc in a group or class. Racism can be traced back to the beginning of history. It has gone beyond individual discrimination and stretched as far as institutional racism and linguistic profiling. Institutional racism occurs when racism is supported by governmental policies and laws. Linguistic profiling has not yet been recognized as a form of racial discrimination. Many people have fought to bring an end toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Therefore knowledge is power. The Gullah are a distinctive group of Black Americans from South Carolina and Georgia in the southeastern United States. They live in small farming and fishing communities along the Atlantic coasta l plain and on the chain of Sea Islands which runs parallel to the coast. Because of their geographical isolation and strong community life, the Gullah have been able to preserve more of their African cultural heritage than any other group of Black Americans (Opala, 2017). The Africans were able to preserved their flourishing culture by running away and sabotaging the plantation operation in any manner. In 1739 Charleston, South Carolina there was a Rebellion led by Jemmy an Angolan who believed in justice, liberty and freedom for all. Although the result ended in death, Jemmy and the slaves showed great courage and bravery to overcome and conquer an unjust society. The whites felt superior over the slaves and use their power to continue to enslave the Africans. This did not discourage the Africans to continue to preserved their flourishing culture even if the power was not in their control. My experience with being judged by the way I spoke occurred when I was 17 years old. I app lied for a job at a supermarket. I spoke to a lady who sounded very professional and I spoke with a proper British English accent. I was born in Trinidad and sometimes when we speak proper English the dialect sometimesShow MoreRelatedThe Fight For Justice Marks A Long Sequence Of Events Towards Their Freedom1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages One of the biggest problems Africans Americans faced in America is Segregation, discrimination, racism and prejudice. Their fight for justice marks a long sequence of events towards their freedom. Race according to the New WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Dictionary is a division of mankind based on skin color, hair texture, facial makeup etc in a group or class. Racism can be traced back to the beginning of history. It has went beyond individual discrimination and stretched as far as institutional racism and linguisticRead MoreEssay on Mateship in Australian Films5134 Words Ã |Ã 21 PagesMateship in Australian Films Mateship has long been a major aspect of the national image as projected by Australian films, yet the moralities of mateship and the image of men as mates did not go unchallenged. Australian cinema as a significant part of the whole industry of image-makers in the country, the way it portrays mateship, the single most important mythic element in the cultural identity of Australia, is worth analysing. This paper first reviews the historicalRead MoreWitness by Peter Weir Notes12043 Words Ã |Ã 49 PagesThemestolerance; good and evil; isolation; nature of love; conflict; traditionalism; individuality; tradition; reality amp; appearance; violence amp; nonviolence, justice, freedom amp; commitment. Camera angles: * High anglestaken from above to make a character look small, lost, inferior * Low anglestaken from underneath the character looking up towards them to make them look imposing, superior or threatening * Point of view shotA shot made from the camera position close to the line of sight of oneRead MoreMilitary Culture6972 Words Ã |Ã 28 Pagesfactors. National psyche and traits being the most pronounced ones. Military culture , to a certain extent , is in harmony with the national culture, however, it has its own impulses and dynamics. It incorporates obedience that curtails individual freedom or at times it may be at tangent with the socio-cultural values of a society ; Military culture of British Ã¢â¬â Indian Army ,as inherited by us is a case in point here. Philosophy of our present military outlets draws strength from history , organisationalRead MoreElements of Postmodernism in Ishmael Reeds Mumbo Jumbo, Don Delillos White Noise, Toni Morrisons Beloved and Thomas Pynchons the Crying of Lot 496348 Words Ã |Ã 26 Pagesintricately woven, postmodern novels string together a never-ending web of connections that ultimately frustrate any attempt to draw definite conclusions. In Don DeLillos White Noise, Jack Gladney, the narrator, constantly connects seemingly random events, dates, and facts in an attempt to form a cohesive understanding of his world. Behind that attempt lies a deep-seated need to find meaning in a media-obsessed age driven by images, appearances, and rampant material consumption. Beloved engages theRead MoreIf Inequality Is Increasing, Are We Likely to See More Armed Conflict?4618 Words Ã |Ã 19 Pagesdistinct constellations and levels of inequality to conform to the simple linear relationship suggested in the title? BesanÃ §onÃ¢â¬â¢s (2005) findings that different socio-political set-ups have differing results with regards to conflict are but one hint towards greater complexity. As a result, she associates herself with academics suggesting that causes for all types of civil wars and armed conflict are not necessarily parallel. Instead, she argues, a micro-analysis of specific cases might prove more fruitfulRead MoreHindi Nibandh on Advantages of Mobile and Disadvantage17790 Words Ã |Ã 72 Pagesheavy industrialization funded and directed by the governments. The 1950s were certainly not propitious times for free marketers in India. But from time to time their ideas were revived. After the rupee was devalued in 1966, there were some moves towards freeing the trade regime, and hopes that the licensing system would also be liberalized. However, after Indira Gandhi split the Congress Party in 1969, her government took its Ã¢â¬Ëleft turnÃ¢â¬â¢, nationalizing a fresh range of industries and returning toRead MoreLangston Hughes Research Paper25309 Words Ã |Ã 102 Pageschased and teased him about the second hand clothes and cast-off womens shoes that he wore. Langston spent many hours sitting on a stool beside his grandmother, who read him stories from the Bible or from his favorite book, Grimms Fairy Tales. Her long wavy hair had very little gray in it, and in her ears she wore the small gold earrings Langstons grandfather left her. Her lips were thin, and her skin, wrinkled like an Indian squaws, was a lighter shade of brown than Langstons. Carrie HughesRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 PagesNational Standard for Information SciencesÃ¢â¬âPermanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48-1992 Printed in the United States of America 2 4 6 8 9 7 5 3 1 C ONTENTS Introduction Michael Adas 1 1 World Migration in the Long Twentieth Century Ã¢â¬ ¢ Jose C. Moya and Adam McKeown 9 Ã¢â¬ ¢ 2 Twentieth-Century Urbanization: In Search of an Urban Paradigm for an Urban World Ã¢â¬ ¢ Howard Spodek 53 3 Women in the Twentieth-Century World Bonnie G. Smith 83 4 The GenderingRead MoreStudy Guide9234 Words Ã |Ã 37 Pagesability to see the relationship between individual experiences and society at large, as well as the ability to distinguish between personal troubles and social issues.History focuses on the uniqueness of events, whereas sociology focuses on commonalities. In examining history, we can see how events affected society and how an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personal biography may be part of a much larger picture. For example, a college student experiences her individual stress and turmoil as personal, but when sociologists
Friday, May 15, 2020
Am Mdulla Allen M. CHAPTER ONE 1.0 Introduction This chapter presents the background of the problem, problem statement, objective of the study, research questions, limitations of the study, and definitions of the key terms as going to be used by the researcher of this work. 1.1 Background of the problem The development of information and communication technologies (ICTs) is like a big challenge in Tanzania. This challenge, Tanzania has to overcome in order to provide quality education for all and ICT should be given high priority. The ministry of education and vocational training is promoting the introduction and interaction of ICT in the education sector in order to play an important part in improving the lives ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The ICTs proposed by the ministry of education and vocational training in its policy of 2007 in basic education in order for students to understand what the education system and technology goes together and also technology in the form of E-learning which will led them to understand what the importance of information, communication and technologies by showing that Tanzania cannot afford to overlook the importance of information and communication technology (ICT) for improved access, equity, quality and relevance of education. In our inter-con nected world, knowledge and information are becoming corner stoneÃ¢â¬â¢s for the development of a society, as is the ability to communicate. It is our duty to prepare our children so that they can benefit from and contribute to our countrys development in the information age. We must therefore take advantage of the full range of ICTs, from radio and mobile telephony to computers and the Internet, to build the foundation for a well educated and learning knowledge society. 1.3.0 Objectives of the study 1.3.1 General objective To explore the impacts of ICTs towards higher education students academic performance specifically SAUT and CBE Ã¢â¬â Mwanza. 1.3.2 Specific objectives 1. To identify the main factors that influence students to adopt ICT services in their academic systems. 2. To evaluate the effectiveness of ICTs in the learning environment among higher education students.Show MoreRelatedThe Impact of Ict on StudentsÃ¢â¬â¢ Study Habits. Case Study: University of Buea, Cameroon2478 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesonline http://www.academicjournals.org/JSTER Ã ©2010 Academic Journals Full Length Research paper The impact of ICT on studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ study habits. Case study: University of Buea, Cameroon Tah Babila Mbah Fons Street, Bamenda, P. O. Box 422, Bamenda NWR, Cameroon. E-mail: email@example.com. Tel: +237 770 662 32. Accepted 19 September, 2010 This research aimed at investigating the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) on studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ study habits. The research was conducted with two mainRead MoreIntegrated Co Teaching And Its Effects On Middle School Students1467 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntegrated Co-Teaching and its effects on Middle School Students Integrated Co-Teaching, also known as ICT, is an educational setting where students with disabilities learn alongside general education students. The ICT setting provides students the support of a special education teacher within the general education classroom. The goal of integrated co-teaching is to ensure that students with disabilities master grade level skills and concepts, while having their special education needs met.Read MoreHow Does Internet Affects Student Study Habits738 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesHow does the internet affects the study habits of students. Introduction In todays era internet are just around the corner. Almost all people have internet connections through the use of their mobile phones, tablets and laptops whether they are kids, teens or adult. Before, people use snail mail to send letters to others but today itÃ¢â¬â¢s just a one click away from the internet. For educational purposes, others usually go to the library to search for something. But, today internet has many usesRead MoreStudent Motivation And Academic Success1568 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontribute to the academic success of a student in college Ã¢â¬â motivation, learning preferences/styles, socioeconomic status, whether or not the student is a first generation college student, gender, and even race. With so many factors potentially contributing or hindering a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s academic success in college; it is important for teachers to attempt to connect with students in the classroom. Adjusting instructional methods that focus on studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ learning preferen ces/styles can increase student motivationRead MoreE Learning, Or Electronic Learning1294 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages satellite) and technologies (e.g. Cellular phones, PDAs) as they are developed and adopted (Wentling et al. 2000)Ã¢â¬ . Senge (2000) defined EL as the use of Internet technologies to deliver a broad array of solutions that enhance knowledge and performance . Twigg (2002) described the EL approach as learner-centered and its design as entailing a system that is interactive, self-paced, repetitious and customizable. Calvert (2003) proposed that EL can be understood as the use of network technologiesRead MoreTechnology Is Used For Recreational Purposes1569 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesenhance learning and provide a beneficial experience for all students.Ã¢â¬ (Flair, I) Technology for educational purposes is something that is strongly encouraged, requested, and expected in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s education system. Statement of the Problem: Technology needs to be comfortably placed inside the classroom with minimal problems and maximum, positive impacts on students. Research Question(s): 1. What problems with technology could arise with students? How do we fix them? 2. What problems with technology couldRead MoreStudents Who Are Studying Through E Learning Effectively, They Will Have Preferable Results Level Than Those Who Do1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStudents who are studying through E-Learning effectively, they will have preferable results level than those who do not!! Introduction The education system one of the fundamentally indispensable parts of any society also by using the information and communication technology undoubtedly led to appearance and development the E-learning, which helped students to develop their skills and expand educational opportunities for the advancement of their countries in the 21st century (Garrison and AndersonRead MoreIct Gadgets Aid The Student s Education Essay3922 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pages I ICT gadgets aid the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s education. Through the facility of accessible sources online, students are provided with wider reference for more reliable learning. It is with convenience that students get the most revised online journals existing for reference. It provides significant resources that will academically aid the students. Through easy access to virtual websites, it presents the students updates and reliable online journals. It also aids the students through the advanced technologyRead MoreWhat Are Icts and What Ty pes of Icts Are Commonly Used in Education?6247 Words Ã |Ã 25 PagesWhat are ICTs and what types of ICTs are commonly used in education? ICTs stand for information and communication technologies and are defined, for the purposes of this primer, as a Ã¢â¬Å"diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information.Ã¢â¬ These technologies include computers, the Internet, broadcasting technologies (radio and television), and telephony. In recent years there has been a groundswell of interest in how computersRead MoreA Swot Analysis : A Pestel Analysis1072 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstrategic management instrument gauges the macro environmental factors, which make decision taking significantly simpler. ARDEN UNIVERSITY PESTEL ANALYSIS POLITICAL ELEMENT FACTOR EFFECT ON ARDEN UNIVERSITY BREXIT Potential danger of environmental policy and legislation change Changes to taxes An increase in the tax level would most likely reduce funding for the University League tables Reputational harm Changes to government policy This may put the public funding at risk. General public pressures
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
How To Raise an Insecure Child: The exposure of Disney and Grimm Tales Creating Insecurity in Children Girls during adolescence often start to feel insecure about their appearance or personality. They have developed the thought that they should appear a certain way or act a certain way so they can be attractive in society. The have stemmed this idea from the older generation, peers, television or books that only praise a certain type of beauty about and do not mention other types. Adolescent boys start to feel insecure about their appearance or personality. Boys who are taught this idea at a young age grow into men who can articulate emotions .The physical characteristics and mannerism that Disney have might send children the message that they might have to morph into a Ã¢â¬ËperfectÃ¢â¬â¢ person or they may disrespect others that may not having a certain type feminine standards or standards of masculinity. Young girls who idolize Disney princesses may wish to emulate the appearance of Ã¢â¬Å"[skin] white as snow, [lips] as red as blood, and [hair] as black as the wood in this frame,Ã¢â¬ (Grimm 250). So they can be just like a princess. But having young girls trying to morph their bodies in a hard fitting frame of a princess will cause low self-esteem because they would not be able to fully reach their goal of being a Ã¢â¬Ëprincess . In Spinning Straw into Gold, the author, Joan Gould, states that Ã¢â¬Å"Cinderella stepsisters would do almost anything to fit into what is beautiful to the point where
Erik Erikson refined eight physcosocial stages that he believed humans confront throughout their life The stages are Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Integrity vs. Despair Erikson was said to be influenced by Freud but rather than speaking on psychosexual Stages, he explains the psychosocial stages throughout a human life which made it completely different. His theories were influenced by Freud, going along with FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s (1923) theory regarding the structure and topography of personality. Freud was an id psychologist, Erikson was an ego psychologist. Erkison discusses the psychological stages and is better known for his life stage of human development. Erikons first stage explains Trust vs Mistrust which usually occurs from conception to a year. This is when a infant is soley dependent on their caregiver for all of their needs such as food, comfort, love, safety and nurturing. When the caretaker fails to provide those needs that is when the infant may become mistrustful, frustrated, draw away from care giver and may lack self assurance. On the other hand, caregivers who provide the love, comfort, care, who are emotionally available, consistent within the child lives. The child does strongly develop that assurance, they will feel a sense of security within the world. Failure to establish that trust with the caregiver can resultShow MoreRelatedErik Erikson s Theory And Determining That Personality Development2143 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAbstract Erik Erikson is well renowned for his Psychosocial Developmental Stage Theory. Erikson expanded on FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s Psychoanalytical Theory by revisiting the theory and determining that personality development is a life-long continuous process versus FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s assessment that personality is developed during early childhood and late adolescence and is fully developed by the time an individual reaches early adulthood. EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s theory has 8 stages that have two possible outcomes in each stage whichRead MoreApplication Of The Personality Theories Developed By Erik Erikson And Raymond Cattell1724 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesApplication of the Personality Theories Developed by Erik Erikson and Raymond Cattell Ã¢â¬Å"Personality is made up of the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make a person unique. It arises from within the individual and remains fairly consistent throughout lifeÃ¢â¬ (Cherry, 2014). My personality is influenced from my specific circumstances, my upbringing, and it is represented best through the theorists of Erik Erikson and Raymond Cattell. In specific circumstances my behaviorRead MoreErik Erikson s Theory Of Psychosocial Development884 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesErik Erikson Erik Erikson was born June 15, 1902. Erikson is best-known for his famous theory of psychosocial development and the concept of the identity crisis. His theories marked an important shift in thinking on personality; instead of focusing simply on early childhood event, his psychosocial theory looked at how social influences contribute to personality throughout the entire lifespan. Erik Erikson died May 12, 1994 due to prostate cancer. (Erik Erikson, 2015). Stages of Psychosocial DevelopmentRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Mcadams 1154 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthrough the life stories of different psychologists , he provide a real recollection of life stories and narrative approaches that recent researcher and theories have apply to understand human behavior. This article integrates recent theories and researchers of life stories as illustrated the investigation of self-understanding, personal memory, personality structure and change, and the relations between the personal lives and cultural. The article provides a numerous of psychologist stories and theRead MoreThe Theorist I Choose For This Paper That I Believe I Relate1509 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmost is Erik Erikson. Erik Erikson is best known for his theory on identity, which was a theory that was broadened from Sigmund Freud while retaining its core work (Schultz, D. Schultz, S., 2013). Erik EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, who was Jewish, became pregnant but a man that was not her husband after her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s disappearance. She was sent to Germany, where she gave birth to Erik. Erik Erikson grew up believing his pediatrician was his biological father due to his mother marrying this man. Since Erik EriksonRead MoreSigmund Freud And Erik Erikson1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswith emotional problems 70- 80 decades ago. The discontinuous psychosexual and psychosocial theory takes place in stages in one course moving through drives that are biological along with societal expectations (Berk, 2013). The contributions to this perspective include both Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. Freud examined psychosexual theory and how those first childhood years of drives shape the personality. Thus, such drive names are the id, ego, and superego. The id emergences in the early stagesRead MoreErik Erikson s Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay1177 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Erik Erikson was born in Greman in 1902-1994, American psychoanalyst; known for psychosocial theory of emotional development of human beings. His theory looks at the impact of parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. Erikson believes, each person has to pass through a series of eight stages over there entire life cycle. I will look at the first 3 stages that cover the childhood years. There are set of conflict at each stage, which allows individual to developRead MoreTheories And Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay1255 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages 1 Theories Theorist Tiffany Leaf Walden University Dr. Thomas Russo RSCH Ã¢â¬â 61007-6 Research Theory Life is full of many experiences and challenges which help individuals to grow and become better people. There has been tons of research to better understand how and why humans develop and grow the way they do. Among the many theories and therapist in the field of psychology, I have chosen psychosexual and psychosocialRead MoreEriksonÃ¢â¬â¢S Contributions To Human Development. Erik Erikson1033 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s Contributions to Human Development Erik Erikson was a man whose interests varied widely. He studied art and a variety of languages during his schooling. He did not prefer the atmosphere of formal schooling and decided to travel around Europe instead of going to college (Ã¢â¬Å"Erik EriksonÃ¢â¬ , 1997). He then returned to Germany for art school and later on taught to children who had come for Freudian training. He became BostonÃ¢â¬â¢s first child analyst and obtained a position at Harvard Medical SchoolRead MoreEarly Life Experiences Impact The Person Across Their Lifespan930 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPiaget theory Ã¢â¬ËStages of cognitive developmentÃ¢â¬â¢ (1936) and Erik Erikson theory Ã¢â¬ËPsychosocial stagesÃ¢â¬â¢ (1950). Piaget argued that children develop knowledge by constructing their experience and observe with their own ideas about how the thing works.(Burton, L.J., Westen, d. Kowalski, R.M. 2015) He developed 4 stages of his theory: Sensorimotor Stage, Preoperational Stage, Concrete Operational Sta ge and Formal Operational Stage. At the same time, Erik Erikson proposed a psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial
Question: Discuss about the Risk Assessment and Decision in Business. Answer: Introduction Flight Centre is was founded in 1981 and is headquartered on Queen Street in Brisbane. The company is an air travel company and it is the largest retail travel outlet in Australia. The companys business operations include hiring consultants in major cities around the world to organize flight holidays, travel insurance, visas, car hires, cruises and more to its clients(Lipczynski, 2008).. Flight Centre operates a 24 hours call center that attends to clients all over the world. The companys new strategy which is dubbed click and mortar approach, entails augmenting a growing online presence into its physical shop fronts in a bid to offer multi-channel services. This creates a high level of efficiency for the company that enables it to increase its bottom line. The companys has invested a lot in setting up its online system together with building shops in other cities around the world. the company has launched an investment vehicle known as Little Argas that will be used to scale innovative travel tech and other travel related start ups. The company has put a lot of funds to fund research in ideas and building new products for the company(Montgomery, 2013). In 2015, the company used 114 million Australian dollars in investing activities while in 2016, the company used 290 million Australian dollars for the same purpose of investments. This is a significant increase, that should translate to more profits in the future. Flight center used up 166 million dollars in 2015 as stated in the financing part of the cash flow. In 2016, however, the figure decreased to 110 million dollars for the purposes of financing. This means that the company did not take up a lot of loans in 2016 which is not a good sign to the shareholders. The companys use international financial reporting standards when preparing its financial statements being that its a listed company it must adhere to these rules. Understanding the Industry Flight Centre Travel Group operates in the travel industry. The size of the industry is relatively big but a majority of the industry is controlled by FTCG and another company. However, as the largest retail travel outlet in Australia, FCTG, has been able to dominate and control the industry while expanding to other destinations outside Australia like New Zealand. The industry size is worth more than $ 80 billion Australian dollars and it is still expanding owing to the increased number of people preferring to take flights to their destination(Montgomery, 2013). The industry growth has been doing well lately although a slump in the Australian economy during the economic down turns of late 2000. As the industry matures and grows more and more people are willing to take flights and therefore by tickets through Flight Centre retail and online shops. Its worldwide appearance has also been enhanced with outlet shops in Australia, New Zealand, USA, UK, South Africa, India, China and Mexico. The industry is at an upward growth trajectory(Ricchiute, 2006). The supply chain in the industry involves ticketing. It starts with a client placing an order ticket then buying. Flight Center then Issues the client with the ticket and a directive on how to use the ticket. The supply chain ends upon use of the ticket. Major players in the industry include the flight companies who use FCTG outlet shops to distribute and sell their tickets, the government as a major stakeholder and industry regulator, the people who use the shops and other competitors. The market shares of the industry players is not evenly distributed, in fact, Flight Center uses controls almost the entire market share leaving small room for other competitors(Chesnick, n.d.). It is the dominant player in the industry(Wong Ho, 2006). The critical success factors are plan processes, contingency strategy in the company, people working for the company and the power that the company has(Wong Ho, 2006). The major threats in the company include rising competition, global terrorism threat and decreased purchasing power. Understanding the legal environment Relevant regulatory factors include the regulatory environment. The regulatory environment encompasses, among other matters, the applicable financial reporting framework and the legal and political environment(Koller, 2005). Australia, like most countries under the flight travel model, did not institute a regulatory framework favoring the movement of foreign investment flows into the country. Some governments considered that flight investment generated gain of country sovereignty and unequal competition for domestic firms. Within the framework of the flight travel model, a highly restrictive policy against foreign investment was introduced, extending in general terms. Among the elements that predominated are: prohibition of new investment in key sectors such as the travel sector. The country also provided for removal of discriminatory treatment of foreign companies that were able to establish themselves in the country, since they did not have access to the liberal taxation system and was subject, among other things, to limitations on the remittance of profits(Cleary Malleret, 2007). Through the mechanism of prior authorizations, the State intervened in operations with the objective of forcing the part icipation of national capital in investment projects, avoiding the acquisition of existing companies and the participation of foreign companies in sectors in which it was created competition in national companies or in sectors where the State does not consider it necessary.. Transnational corporations were forced to become joint ventures after a deadline and were conditioned on the transfer of technology and the price of the royalties they received; in the same way they were imposed a restrictive control to the internal credit, having access only to credit of short term, in agreement with the conditions set by the Commission of the Agreement. This should have influenced the low flow of productive investment received by the country in that period. In a way, existing regulations had to have encouraged private external borrowing(Cleary Malleret, 2007). The national government issued, establishing the general exchange-rate principles applicable to foreign investment and the guidelines of which should have been designed by the International Investment Statute. The legal framework has been complemented by the adoption of international agreements that allow minimizing the political risk for the investor. On the one hand, there are insurance mechanisms against non-commercial risks such as expropriation, currency inconvertibility and damages caused by increased risks. In sectors related to public services, prior authorization is required; and in sectors such as telecommunications and air and maritime transport there is a restriction on shareholding(Moore, n.d.). Return to A tax stability contract guarantees that the agreed rates - two percentage points higher than the current income and complementary tax rate - between legal entities and the State are not subject to increases after the execution of the contract and during the validity of the contract. In addition, companies benefit from subsequent tax cuts and can renounce the special regime, losing the possibility of re-subscribing(Moore, n.d.). The company is faced with many challenges in because of the ever changing legal environment and regulations. There is a rise in terrorism that has also affected the business. There is continued liberisation and the open skies policies. Due to the effect of a shrinking economy that has affected a lot of parts of the world there has been a significant decrease in air travel which has affected Flight Centre. The companys share price has been plummeting due to the fact that the shrinking economy has affected a lot of people and therefore there has been a decrease in clients. The company has been facing increased competition from low cost and smaller air ticketing companies. Flight centre has also been finding it difficult to determine demand and cost(Montgomery, 2013). The companys main challenge has been dealing with clients who have become more informed and sophisticated. There is also an issue with terrorism that is affecting the company. Online ticketing has evolved in many ways with companies in this industry creating new technology to make the experience great for customers. Some of the technological advances are mobile apps amongst other inventions(Montgomery, 2013). Flight Centre is the biggest air ticketing company in Australia hence this being one of the biggest strengths of the company. The company has a brand name that is recognizable due to it being listed in the ASX. The company also has national and international offices and also has a lot of customers in different parts of the world (Montgomery, 2013). The company faces a problem of vulnerability to pricing. It has been having an inability to compete with smaller air ticketing companies. There is also the lack of competitive pricing within the industry. The company plans to open offices in major cities that have a lot of travelers. The company can also enter into agreements with major airlines to be booking customers on their behalf. The company faces a threat of prolonged slow economy that has continued to affect the business. There is new and advanced technology that is always threatening the air ticketing companies by making the current technology redundant(Montgomery, 2013). Porter Five analysis There has been a lot of competition in the industry from smaller air ticketing companies that have been eating up Flight Centres market share. There are numerous other competitors who offer equivalent services and products. If the customers are unable to get a suitable deal, they seek out the competitors products. There is a potential threat of new entrants into the market. The company may be significantly weakened if other companies find it easy to enter the market. There is also the factor of power of customers (Reuvid, 2014). The customers may bring the prices down. Flight Centre has obviously a more powerful client base who can drive the prices down by switching to other companies. Other factors include the ability of the company to get financing at an affordable interest rate which is possible. The company is also affected by inflation and also the economic condition has been somehow stable. In understanding industry development, there are very many technological changes which may cause business risk in employee management and recruitment due to redundancies and staff replacement by technology. This is a business risk that is bound to happen. The entity may also lack the required expertise to deal with industry changes and technological advancement(Reuvid, 2014). The strategy to use in this is to be innovative and technologically cleat of its peers and competitors. Product liability means that there are some products that are performing poorly therefore are a huge liability to the business. The objective is to increase profitability of the company. The business risk is that Flight Center may run into losses due to poor performing products(Reuvid, 2014). The strategy in business expansion is to first evaluate the profit that will be received after expansion. Demand may not be accurately estimated and therefore the risk of financial loss is quite high. The market shares of the industry players is not evenly distributed, in fact, Flight Center uses controls almost the entire market share leaving small room for other competitors. It is the dominant player in the industry(Mallin, 2016). Increased costs can only be mitigated by innovation and reducing the operational costs. Flight Center can create a better strategy in risk management and to avoid improper implementation of business projects. The entity may also lack the required expertise to deal with industry changes and technological advancement. The business has a lot of legal risks due to cancellation of flights that may cause delays especially to business people who lodge court cases against the company. The regulatory requirement requires that the company makes business strategies that reduce the business risks(Cleary Malleret, 2007). Loss of financing especially due to the companys inability to meet its requirements can create a business risk of magnanimous proportions. The best strategy is to increase the companys operational levels by increasing its shops and outlets and therefore creation more work that was meant to increase the profitability of the company. The use of IT is fundamental to every companys growth and development. This is more so to a company like Flight Centre that deals with online purchase of travel tickets. This is important as the objective of the business in IT implementation is to increase operationalization of the business while increasing profitability and reducing business risks(Griffin, Ebert, Starke, Dracopoulos Lang, 2014). Incomplete and improper implementation of business accounting requirements is a business risk. Improper accounting may lead to financial losses and in turn cause a business risk. Ratio analysis Liquidiy Ratio Specific ratio Formulae 2017(in millions) 2016(in millions) 2015 Current Ratio Current assets/ Current Liabilities 2338//1635=1.43 2263/1567=1.44 2153/1453=1.48 Quick Asset Current assets-inventory/ Current Liabilities 2338-1.24//1635=1.42 2263-1.72/1567=1.44 2153-1.79/1453=1.48 Ratio Specific ratio Formula Year 2017 Year 2016 2015 Profitability Ratio Net profit ratio Profit Margin = Net Income / Net Sales (revenue) 231/2677=8.6% 245/2642=9.2% 257/2397=10.7% Solvency Ratio Debt to equity ratio Debt to equity ratio= Total Liability/ Total Equity 1635/3195=0.5 1567/3003=0.52 1453/2788=0.52 Understand management and Governance The interactions with the internal and external auditors are fundamental in understanding the governance and management of the company as it were.The entity may also lack the required expertise to deal with industry changes and technological advancement(Lipczynski, 2008). Managements philosophy and operating style is guided by the corporate governance principles and the policies and procedures that are set out to guide the management when operating. Being a listed company, Flight Centre is guided by rules and regulations guiding any company that is listed. The companys personnel have always maintained a positive attitude towards financial reporting. The personnel are always ready and willing to give out information that will help out at the reporting stage. Flight Centre uses a functional organizational structure that is used where various departments within are set up within the company to handle various tasks such as marketing , finance etc. the company has got a chain of command and hierarchy structure that starts with the board of directors to whom the chief executive officer and management reports to. Then there are the are the ordinary mid-level managers and departmental heads who report to the management. The company has a policy on hiring, training, compensation among others (Reuvid, 2014). Conclusion In understanding management and governance, communication and enforcement of ethical and integrity matters is crucial. These are the elements that are fundamentally important in administration of the companys control. For Flight Centre, ethical values and integrity are fundamental in the management of the company(Lipczynski, 2008). There are also other issues that are important to Flight Centre; amongst them is commitment to competency which leads to good ethical background by The Company and its employees. Unethical behaviours lead to fraud and misappropriation of funds and eventually collapse of the company. There are various attributes charged with governance and they include the experience and stature of the team of management, independence from the board and management and the extent in which the information received is utilized. References Chesnick, D. 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